For details from 500 BC of the people that came to inhabit Scotland check out the History of the Celts.
The Scots left Ireland and built their kingdom of Dalriada in Argyll on the west coast of Scotland.
Kenneth MacAlpin united the Scots and Picts as one nation. This was the first step in creating a united Scotland.
Malcolm II killed Kenneth III and became King.
Malcolm II gained Lothian after defeating the Saxons at the Battle of Carham. Death of Owen-the-Bald, King of Strathclyde.
Duncan, already ruler of Strathclyde, killed his grandfather Malcolm II and became King of a largely united Scotland.
MacBeth, immortalised by Shakespeare, killed Duncan and became King.
Malcolm III (or Malcolm Canmore) killed MacBeth and became King.
On the death of Edgar, Scotland became disunited. Alexander I became King of Scots, but David I became King in Lothian and Strathclyde.
Unity was restored when, on Alexander's death, David became King of Scots. His reign was one of the most important in Scotland's history, extending Scottish borders to the River Tees, including all of Northumberland.
The 'Auld Alliance' between Scotland and France was signed - one of the world's oldest mutual defence treaties.
Annexation of Scotland by England. Scotland's Coronation Stone - the 'Stone of Destiny' or 'Stone of Scone'1 - was removed to Westminster Abbey in London by the English King Edward I. The stone was temporarily returned to Scotland in 1950 and permanently returned in 1996. Much contention still exists over whether or not this is the original stone.
Battle of Bannockburn where the Scots, under Robert the Bruce, routed the English led by Edward II which resulted in Scottish independence.
The Declaration of Arbroath was drawn up to urge the Pope to recognise Scottish independence from England. The Pope accepted the Declaration.
King James II was killed by an exploding cannon during the siege of Roxburgh.
King James III was murdered after being accused of surrounding himself with evil advisors who encouraged him to bring Englishmen into Scottish affairs.
King Henry VII of England gave his daughter Margaret Tudor in marriage to James IV of Scotland. This gave rise to the Union of the Crowns in 1603.
Under the terms of the 'Auld Alliance' all Scottish citizens became French and vice versa.
John Knox gave his sermon at Perth which is regarded as the start of the Reformation in Scotland.
Following the death of Elizabeth I, James VI of Scotland became James I of England bringing about another Union of the Crowns.
James VI returned briefly to Scotland2 to extol the benefits of English culture.
James VI imposed Bishops on the Presbyterian Church of Scotland in an attempt to integrate it with the Church of England. This move was deeply unpopular with the Scots.
Charles I became King on the death of his father. Although born in Scotland, Charles had no interest in the country and dealt with Scottish affairs with even less tact than his father, causing discontent.
Charles attempted to further Anglicise the Church of Scotland by introducing a new prayer book, which caused riots at St Giles in Edinburgh. Jenny Geddes throws a stool in St Giles in protest.
Charles regarded protests against the prayer book as treason, forcing Scots to choose between their church and the King. A covenant, swearing to resist these changes to the death, was signed in Greyfriars Church in Edinburgh. The covenant was accepted by hundreds of thousands of Scots.
Charles called a General Assembly, effectively abolishing the unpopular Scottish Bishops. Agreement was reached through the Treaty of Berwick.
Charles' peace collapsed and the Scots showed force by marching on Newcastle.
Having no realistic chance of opposing the Scots, Charles negotiated a truce at Ripon.
Civil war broke out in England. The Scottish Covenanters sided with the English rebels who took power. The Earl of Montrose had sided with King Charles so civil strife also spilled into Scotland.
The massacre of Glencoe. Clan Campbell sided with the King and murdered members of Clan Macdonald.
Act of Union was passed; Scotland formally united with England to form Great Britain. In so doing, the Scottish Parliament voted itself out of existence.
The world's first Golf Club - the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers - was founded.
Prince Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) returned to Scotland; Scottish victory at the Battle of Prestonpans; Scottish army advanced as far south as Derby but then retreated.
Battle of Culloden, Charles escaped to France and the wearing of the kilt was prohibited.
The first edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica was published in Edinburgh by William Smellie.
Scotland's first commercial railway was opened between Edinburgh and Dalkeith.
Scotland hosted the first Open Golf Championship.
The Tay Bridge Disaster. The bridge collapsed in a storm taking the train with it - an enquiry revealed corners had been cut during construction to reduce costs.
Forth Rail Bridge opened, it had taken six years to build.
Opening of the Underground Railway the 'Shooglie' in Glasgow. It remains the only underground in Scotland.
Britain's worst train disaster took place near Gretna Green, south of Dumfries, killing 227 people.
The largest ocean liner ever built, the Queen Elizabeth, was launched in Clydebank.
More than 1,000 people were killed over two days in Clydebank and Southern Glasgow during the only sustained German Luftwaffe attack on Scotland during the Second World War.
Scottish Nationalists steal the 'Stone of Destiny' from Westminster Abbey. This was Scotland's Coronation Stone, taken by the English in 1296. By tradition all British Monarchs have to be crowned while sitting on it. It was eventually recovered from Arbroath Abbey, although some claim this was a copy, and the original remains in Scotland.
Forth Road Bridge opened by HM Queen Elizabeth II. It was the longest suspension bridge in Europe.
Tay Road Bridge opened - for a short time the longest bridge in the world at just over one mile.
The Queen Elizabeth II (QE2) was launched in Clydebank. It was the last of the great Clyde-built passenger liners.
The first oil was piped ashore from the North Sea at Peterhead.
A gunman kills 16 five-year-old children, their teacher and himself in the Primary School at Dunblane in Perthshire. This is the worst tragedy of its type in the UK.
The 'Stone of Destiny', Scotland's Coronation Stone, was returned from London to Edinburgh Castle, 700 years after being stolen by Edward I.
A Scottish Parliament was re-instated after 292 years, following the devolution of powers from London through the Scotland Act, 1997.