The h2g2 Calendar - 6 - June Content from the guide to life, the universe and everything

The h2g2 Calendar - 6 - June

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  • 1464 - Between 1455 and 1499, England is torn apart by civil war, beginning with The First War of the Roses led by the houses of York and Lancaster.

  • 1533 - Anne Boleyn, second 'wife' of King Henry VIII of England, is crowned queen.

  • 1926 - In Los Angeles Hospital, one the world's most famous stars is born. Marilyn Monroe, born Norma Jean Mortensen, enters the world to become 'the photographer's dream'.

  • 1966 - A new dawn of technology emerges when The Apollo Project successfully launch Surveyor 1 and it lands on the Moon the following day.

  • 1967 - As US military presence continues to rise in Vietnam, Vietnam Veterans Against the War is born amongst the increasing distress.

  • 1970 - The native Indian protest occupation damages Alcatraz with fire.

  • 2001 - One of the strangest Royal murders takes place, when The Nepalese Royal Family is massacred in one day.

  • 2002 - Hanse Cronje, South African cricketer, dies when his plane crashes in the Outeniqua mountains.


  • Every year - Feast day of Saint Blandina, Patron Saint of those Falsely Accused of Cannibalism.

  • 1780 - In England, the Derby horse race is held for the first time.

  • 1925 - The New York Yankees make a wise decision and baseball legend Lou Gehrig becomes a regular member of the line-up, taking over first base.

  • 1941 - Sixteen years later, Lou Gehrig dies.

  • 1953 - Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II's coronation takes place in Westminster Abbey.

  • 1966 - Surveyor 1 of the Apollo Project touches down in the Ocean of Storms.

  • 1983 - Canadian folk singer Stan Rogers dies, not exactly in an air crash, but in a mysterious fire aboard his DC-9-32 on its way to Toronto.

  • 2001 - Moribund Dipendra is crowned king for the day, following the massacre of the Nepalese Royal Family. It is possibly the shortest amount of time a king has reigned for.



  • 1487 - Henry VI claims the English Crown, in the Third War of the Roses.

  • 1785 - Jacob Grimm, eldest of the Grimm brothers, is born, heralding the birth of the Fairy Tale.

  • 1953 - The world premiere of the film version of Julius Caesar, starring Marlon Brando.

  • 1969 - Mexican tennis star Rafael Osuna dies in an air crash, when his Mexican Airlines Boeing 727 crashes near Monterey airport due to pilot error.

  • 1979 - Flight lieutenant Jerry Rawlings takes power in Ghana, west Africa, after a military coup overthrows general Fred Akuffo.

  • 2002 - Queen Elizabeth II celebrates her Golden Jubilee, as mentioned in 'Unchained Melody'.


  • 1944 - D-Day Invasion forces head for the Normandy beaches, passing the Isle of Wight Radar Station, the only radar station to be destroyed in the British Isles during the war.

  • 1950 - American composer and performance artist Laurie Anderson is born. Her hits include 'O, Superman', 'Mister Heartbreak' and 'Home of the Brave'.

  • 1968 - Robert, the brother of JF Kennedy, is assassinated.

  • 1968 - The assassination of R. Kennedy is another demonstration of the unrest due to the Vietnam War.

  • 2003 - A severe heat wave across Pakistan and India reaches its peak, as temperatures exceed 50°C (122°F).

  • 2004 - Former American President Ronald Reagan dies.


  • 1813 - The Battle of Stoney Creek takes place during the Napoleonic Wars (The War of 1812 ).

  • 1977 - Queen Elizabeth lights a bonfire, starting the Silver Jubilee celebrations.

  • 1944 - A supreme effort of British forces brings about the events of D-Day.

  • 1966 - Gemini IX re-enters Earth's atmosphere.

  • 1999 - In Australian Rules Football, Tony Lockett breaks the record of 1,299 career goals set by Gordon Coventry in 1937.

  • 2002 - The everyday happenings of Weebl and sometimes Weebl's friend, Bob make their first online appearance with the ground-breaking episode, 'pie'.


  • 1538 - Marie de Guise summons her final council.

  • 1954 - Master of Artificial Intelligence and Computing, Alan Turing commits suicide by eating an apple laced with cyanide.

  • 1968 - Lego reaches new heights when LegoLand opens in Denmark.

  • 2001 - Tony Blair's Labour Party wins another landslide victory in the UK election.


  • 632 - Mohammed, founder of Islam, dies in Medina.

  • 1846 - Julian Workman becomes the first known owner of Alcatraz.

  • 1969 - President Nixon meets the president of South Vietnam during The Vietnam War Protest.

  • 1969 - The El Salvadoran national team plays Honduras in a fateful match, and war ensues.

  • 1984 - Homosexuality is declared legal in New South Wales, Australia.

  • 2004 - The Transit of Venus is the biggest astronomical event of 2004; the previous transit occurred in 1882.


  • 68 AD - Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide.

  • 1537 - Louis II of France dies.

  • 1870 - Great British author Charles Dickens dies.

  • 1897 - The town of Bradford is granted city status.

  • 1902 - The first complete performance of Mahler's third symphony eventually takes place in Krefeld, Germany.

  • 1968 - US president Lyndon B Johnson declares a national day of mourning following the assassination of senator Robert F Kennedy.

  • 2006 - World hitchhiker Kinga 'Freespirit' Choszcz dies aged 33 in Accra, Ghana, after having contracted cerebral malaria.



  • 1937 - A Day at the Races is released for The Marx Brothers.

  • 1959 - Comedian, actor and writer James Hugh Calum Laurie, or Hugh Laurie as he is better known, is born in Oxford, UK.

  • 1962 - The 13th escape attempt from Alcatraz, perhaps the most famous of all.

  • 1963 - The 35th President of the United States of America, John F Kennedy, delivers the 'Civil Rights Address'.

  • 1972 - Six people are killed in a London rail disaster near Eltham Well Hall, when the intoxicated train driver took a bend far too fast.

  • 1986 - The Amnesty International tour includes The Police who play in Atlanta.

  • 2002 - US Congress acknowledges Antonio Meucci as the first inventor of the telephone.


  • 1381 - During the Peasants' Revolt in England, rebels arrive at Blackheath.

  • 1593 - 'Venus and Adonis' is registered in the Stationers' Register, by Christopher Marlowe.

  • 1701 - The Act of settlement is signed by Queen Anne.

  • 1878 - William Cullen Bryant, known as the 'Father of American Poetry', dies in New York City in the same month he had predicted for his death in his poem 'June'.

  • 1920 - Peter Jones is born.

  • 1929 - Anne Frank is born; her diaries go on to be world-famous.

  • 1980 - Billy Butlin, famous for the Butlins Holiday Camps dies.

  • 1999 - Alex Ferguson receives a knighthood in recognition of his services to English football.


  • 1483 - Gloucester accuses Hastings of treason, and has him executed without trial.

  • 1865 - Irish poet and dramatist William Butler Yeats is born to Protestant parents in Sandymount, County Dublin.

  • 1928 - Mathematician John Forbes Nash Jr. is born in Bluefield, West Virginia.

  • 1952 - An unarmed Swedish radio surveillance plane disappears over international waters in the Baltic Sea. Search parties spark Russian 'retaliation'.

  • 1970 - 'The Long and Winding Road', which features on the Beatles' final album Let it Be, becomes the band's last number-one single.

  • 1970 - Nixon establishes the 'President's Commission on Campus Unrest' due to Anti-Vietnam Demonstrations.

  • 1971 - The New York Times begins publishing a series of articles based on top secret Pentagon papers.

  • 1996 - Cal Ripken Jnr. becomes the first Oriole to hit six times in one game, two of which are home runs.



  • Every year - The Feast day of St Germaine, the Patron Saint of the really ugly.

  • 1215 - The Magna Carta is signed in Runnymede, England.

  • 1608 - Thomas Hill and Robert Raynor claim to have seen a mermaid, as noted in the logbook of Captain Henry Hudson.

  • 2002 - The asteroid 2002 MN near-misses the Earth by 75,000 miles, about a third of the distance to the Moon.



  • 1715 - Margrave Karl Wilhelm founds the city of Karlsruhe, Germany.

  • 1963 - The US Supreme Court rules against allowing the reciting of Bible verses and the Lord's Prayer in public schools.

  • 1972 - Five burglars break into the Watergate complex to steal information, under direction from Richard Nixon.

  • 1977 - Vancouver's SeaBus ferry service goes into service.




  • 1887 - Queen Victoria celebrates her Golden Jubilee today and tomorrow.

  • 1941 - The Big Store by The Marx Brothers is released.

  • 1991 - The German parliament decides to move the capital from Bonn back to Berlin.



  • Every year - The first day of the Cancer sign period.

  • 1897 - Queen Victoria celebrates her Diamond Jubilee.

  • 1971 - The US Senate passes a non-binding resolution urging the withdrawal of all American troops from Vietnam by the end of the year.

  • 1994 - Douglas Adams's daughter Polly is born.

  • 2002 - An earthquake in western Iran, measuring 6.5 on the Richter scale, kills more than 261 people.


  • 1912 - Alan Turing, inventor of the computer, is born.

  • 1961 - Patrice Lumumba becomes the Democratic Republic of Congo's first and only elected Prime Minister.

  • 1964 - Television and Film Writer Joss Whedon, perhaps best known for his Buffy the Vampire Slayer scripts, is born.

  • 1988 - James Hansen testifies to the US Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources that it is 99 per cent probable global warming has begun.

  • 1996 - The Nintendo 64 is released in Japan.


  • 1314 -The English are defeated by the Scots at the Battle of Bannockburn.

  • 1813 - The Battle of the Beaver Dams takes place in The War of 1812.

  • 1907 - The Marx Brothers make their debut appearance, as 'Ned Weyburn's Nightingales'.

  • 1948 - As a response of the Western Allies to the blockade on West Berlin by the USSR, the Berlin Airlift started.

  • 1995 - South Africa defeat New Zealand in rugby union's World Cup - the first major sporting event in South Africa since the end of apartheid.



  • 1460 - Warwick, Salisbury, March and 2000 troops land in support for the Lancastrians in The Wars of The Roses.

  • 1483 - Gloucester accepts the throne and the reign of Richard III begins.

  • 1778 - Washington finally decides to attack the British troops as they advance towards New York during the Battle of Monmouth.

  • 1870 - Wagner's Opera Die Walküre, the second part of the Ring Cycle, is premiered at the Court Theatre in Munich.

  • 1927 - The Cyclone roller coaster opens on Coney Island, New York.

  • 1963 - JF Kennedy makes his world famous 'Ich bin ein Berliner' speech, declaring himself to be a doughnut.

  • 1964 - The Beatles' first album that contained entirely original material, A Hard Day's Night, is released in the USA.

  • 1975 - English conductor Basil Cameron, the quiet Maestro, dies at Leominster in the County of Herefordshire, England.


  • 1722 - John Churchill, First Duke of Marlborough, considered to be one of the greatest military geniuses England has ever produced dies at home in Blenheim Palace.

  • 1863 - General Richard Ewell's forces reach the outskirts of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, in the American Civil War.

  • 1969 - Life magazine displays portrait photos of all 242 Americans killed in Vietnam during the previous week.

  • 2001 - Pope John Paul II beatifies 28 Ukrainian Greek Catholics, most of whom were killed by the Soviet secret police.



  • 1908 - John Hench - the official artist of Mickey Mouse - is born.

  • 1911 - Film Composer Bernard Herrmann, perhaps best known for his soundtrack to Psycho, is born.

  • 1956 - Marilyn Monroe marries Arthur Miller.

  • 2002 - US vice-president Dick Cheney serves as president for two and a half hours while George W Bush undergoes a colonoscopy procedure.


  • 1960 - The Congo is granted independence from Belgium, with Joseph Kasavubu as President and Patrice Lumumba as Prime Minister. Shortly afterwards the Congolese Civil War starts.

  • 1977 - Menachem Begin becomes Prime Minister of Israel.

  • 1977 - Virginia Wade wins the women's singles title at Wimbledon - the last British champion to date.

  • 2002 - The last day stamps with only DM values printed on them are valid; also, French banks and post offices will no longer be required to exchange French francs (remaining coins and notes must be exchanged by the Banque de France, within three years).

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