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Facts and Figures of the Netherlands

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The Netherlands: Introduction | Topography | Facts and Figures |
Polders and Dykes | The Dutch National Anthem | Dutch - the Language | Dutch Pronunciation | Dutch Grammar | Handy Dutch Phrases |
The Dutch | Transportation in the Netherlands

The Netherlands is a small country located in Western Europe. It borders the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany.


Country Name

  • Official name: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden (Kingdom of the Netherlands)
  • Short name: Nederland (The Netherlands)

Government Type

Constitutional monarchy, parliamentary democracy.


Amsterdam; The Hague is the seat of government.

Chief of State

Queen Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard.

Head of Government

Prime Minister Mark Rutte.



  • Total area: 37,330km2
  • Land area: 33,920km2


  • Total 1,027km
  • Belgium 450km
  • Germany 577km
  • Coastline: 451km


Temperate: marine. Cool summers and mild winters.


Mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in the southeast.


  • Lowest point - Prins Alexanderpolder: minus 7m (below sealevel)
  • Highest point - Vaalserberg (Drielandenpunt): 321m

Natural Resources

Natural gas, petroleum, fertile soil.



16 million.

Age Structure

  • 0-14 years: 18% (male 1.5 million; female 1.4 million)
  • 15-64 years: 68% (male 5.5 million; female 5.3 million)
  • 65 years and over: 14% (male 0.9 million; female 1.3 million)

Population Growth Rate


Life Expectancy at Birth

  • Total population: 78 years
  • Male: 76 years
  • Female: 81 years

Ethnic Groups

Dutch: 91%. Moroccans, Turks, and other: 9%


  • Roman Catholic: 34%
  • Protestant: 25%
  • Muslim: 3%
  • other: 2%
  • unaffiliated: 36%



Majority of facts and figures based on 2001 statistics.

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